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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

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OF THE OLD CITY WALL.
BhiitesYars as iihe omphalos of the ancient city and the probable site of the
great stupa of Saripntra, a short distance to the east will bring us to the
Kankali Til&j i e., iihe monastery of Upagnpta ; - the Jaraalpnr mound has
already been identified with the monkey sMpa ; while some mounds to the
north, ihat wiE Portly be mentioned, may have been u the stiipas of the four
earlier Boddhas and other great teachers of the law*5*
dose at the back of ihe Balbhadra Kund and the katra is a range- of hills
of considerable elevation commonly called dhtil &o5 Kterally l d-ast-heaps,' ihe
name given to the accumulation of refuse that collects outside a city, and so
correspoodiBg precisely to the Monte Testacclo at Borne. Some of these are,
lioweYer, clearly of natural formation and probably Indicate the old course of
the Jammna or its tributaries. Others are the walls of the old city, which In
places are still of great height. They can be traced in a continuous line from
the Bangesvar Mahadeo on ihe Kans k4 tfl& outside the Holi gate of new
Hathnr&j across the Agra road, to the temple of Bhiitesvar, and thence round
hy an orchard called the Uthaiglra k& baghy where the highest point is crowned
by a small Balragf s cell, at the back of Kesay Dev and between it and the Seth's
CflEnrisi temple3 to the shrine of GartesTar3 *the God of the Moat,9 and so on-
to the HkMYidyaMli and the temple of Gokarnesyar near the Sarasvati Sangam.
At the distance of about a mile to the south-west of these ancient ram-
partSj at the junction of the boundaries of tie township of Mathura and the vil-
lages of BsMrpnr and Giridharpurj Is a group of some twelve or fourteen cir-
cular mounds, commonly known as the Chanwara mounds, from a rest-house
that once stood there ; CAautmcro and Chaupdl being different forms of the same
word, like gopala and gwdla. They are strewn with fragments of brick and
stone and would seem aH to. huve been stiipas. As they are to the north of the
JansMpar mound, they may with great probability be identified with the stnpas
described by Hwen Thsang as lying to the north of the monkey tank and mark-
ing the spots that had been hallowed by the presence of the 1?250 famous
teachers of iihe, law.
In iihe year 186&, the new road to Soakh was carried throiigh one of these
monads, and in iihe centre was disclosed a masonry cell containing a small gold
reliquary, the size and shape of a pill-box. Inside was a tooth, the safe-guard
of which was the sole object of box, cell, and hill; but it was thrown away as-
of no Ymlne. The box was preserved on account of the material and has been
giYeE to the writer by Mr. Hind the district engineer, whose workmen had
discovered It